惨禍の発生という点では、日本、エクアドル、タンザニア、イタリア、ニュージーランドなどの地震を含めて、2016 年には世界の各地で大規模な災害が多数発生した。また、数多くの深刻な洪水が米国や欧州、アジアの各地で発生し、米国の気象災害件数は最高記録となった。最も強かったのはハリケーン・マシューで、北大西洋で生じた暴風としては2007 年以降初めてのカテゴリー5 となり、年間の一事故として最多の死亡者をもたらした。死者数は700 名を超え、そのほとんどはハイチの人々であった。もう一つの広域かつ大きな被害をもたらした災害は、カナダのアルバータ州とサスカチュワン州にわたって5 月から7 月にかけて広がった山火事であった。Download
According to the latest <i>sigma</i> study, global insured losses from natural catastrophes and man-made disasters in 2015 were USD 37 billion, well-below the USD 62 billion average of the previous 10 years. There were 353 disaster events last year. Of those, 198 were natural catastrophes, which is the highest number in one year, according to <i>sigma</i> records.Download
Underinsurance of property risks1 is a global challenge. Much of the protection gap is due to uninsured global natural catastrophe risk, which has been rising steadily over the past 40 years. Swiss Re’s sigma data show that total economic losses from natural disasters have averaged around USD 180 billion annually in the last decade,
with 70% (USD 127 billion, or USD 1.3 trillion in total over the 10 years) of that uninsured. Earthquakes, floods and windstorms are the main perils, particularly in areas of high population and property value concentrations.
According to the latest sigma study, global insured losses from natural catastrophes and man-made disasters were USD 35 billion in 2014, down from USD 44 billion in 2013 and well below the USD 64 billion-average of the previous 10 years. There were 189 natural catastrophe events in 2014, the highest ever on sigma records, causing global economic losses of USD 110 billion.Download
The world's urban population is forecast to grow by about 1.4 billion to 5 billion between 2011 and 2030, with 90% of the increase coming in the emerging markets. Swiss Re's latest sigma study Urbanisation in emerging markets: boon and bane for insurers reviews the rapid growth of towns and cities in emerging markets. It also addresses the opportunities and challenges that urbanisation presents with respect to risk management for insurers and governments alike.Download